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Gallery: Catalog: Details List 107-08




[New England / NY] Hinton / Seale, A New and Accurate Map of the Present War in North America. London. 1757. 10 x 14. Pale wash color, greatly faded. Edge tear extending into the printed area, professionally repaired. Good+. Part of the imprint has been scraped away (the second time we've encountered this on this particular map a mystery to us) but the dimensions, title and names of publisher Hinton and engraver R.W. Seale are identical to the map appearing in the May, 1757 issue of The Universal Magazine. Jolly, Univ-58; McCorkle 757.5; Sellers & Van Ee 79. $450.00

From Quebec to Boston and west to Lake Ontario, thus focusing on the corridor between Canada and the northern colonies, a major theatre in the French and Indian War. Locates many tribes. Captions indicate portages, expansion of French settlements south of Montreal, and notes a "Barrier against the Indians" along the Connecticut River. Dotted lines define the boundary of "Eastern Massachusetts" and enclose small areas around Crown Point, "Cohasser F." and "F. Frantunac."

Two captions name General William Johnson (Superintendent of the Six Nations), locating his camp at the lower end of Lake George, where he achieved a major victory over the French, and his "seat" (Johnson Hall) along the Mohawk. He played a key role in British / Colonial / Indian relations. Born in Ireland, Johnson (1715-1774) could speak three native languages. He was adopted by the Mohawks who named him Warraghiyagey (He-Who-Does-Much) and was further honored when elected a sachem.

Though Johnson was unable to take Crown Point, his encounter with the French provided the British with one of their few victories at this period of the war. Seymour Schwartz writes Johnson "had led a colonial army unfortified by British professionals and repulsed a trained command of French regulars, Canadians, and Indians for the first time in the century. This feat, which would not be repeated for another three years, earned Johnson a baronetcy and a gift of 5,000." Schwartz, French and Indian War 1754-1763 page 66.

Ultimately Johnson also received the thanks of Parliament and a grant of 100,000 acres north of the Mohawk from George II. His home, JohnsonHall, survives and was purchased by the State of New York in 1907. It is now a State historic site.

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