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Gallery: Catalog 34

Dear Friends,

Although George likes to describe us as the last of the green eye-shade businesses (and Mary is the original Luddite), we've recently updated the "LEARN" section of our website with ten videos of mini-lectures on map collecting, how maps were made and fallacies on maps such as the Mountains of Kong, California as an island or how the death of French explorer LaSalle was related to a mapping error. The videos can also be seen on YouTube.
Learn

UTube

Among the highlights in this catalog are some quite rare items including the second printed map of Chicago issued by John S. Wright in 1834 (#27). We're pleased to offer an example with Wright's hand-written notes about his real estate holdings.

Unique is a misused term these days, but we offer a truly unique suite of five early 19th century sketches of Great Lakes forts by an Army officer, executed on an inspection tour (#26). Included is what we believe to be the earliest surviving view of Chicago, depicting the rebuilt Fort Dearborn and dated 1817.

Other highlights are the very rare 1715 First Edition of De Fer's map of the Mississippi (#23), Fries world map (#3), and Sanson's North America (#12), the first available printed map to name Lakes Ontario and Superior.

We also draw your attention to a group of maps and prints related to Portugal and its sea-borne empire (#1, 2, 41, 50, 51, 52).

Sincerely,

George & Mary

BOOK

Revised Second Edition

Click to enlarge  [New] Manasek, Collecting Old Maps Revised and Expanded Edition by Marti Griggs & Curt Griggs. Clarksdale, AZ, 2015. 352 pp., 408 illustrations. 9" x 11." Based on Frank Manasek's ground-breaking first edition this enlarged work answers questions that collectors' ask on such topics as condition, color, pricing, how to research maps, caring for a collection, identifying fakes, the meaning of symbols and more. The Map Gallery chapter illustrates printed maps from the 15th century to the space age. $75.00 [details]


PRINTS

"...one of the finest Portuguese books of the 18th century."

Two plates from Manuel de Andrade's Luz de liberel E Nobre Arte da Cavalaria..., published in Lisbon in 1790. Copperplate engraving by Joaquim Caneiro da Silva, each 10 x 6 with original hand color. Brunet I, #264. Sold.

Click to enlarge  1. Plate 21. Untitled portrait of Portuguese royalty on horseback, with the arms of Portugal. VG. [details]

Click to enlarge  2. Plate 84. Untitled portrait of Portuguese royalty on horseback, with coat-of-arms. VG. [details]

WORLD

Click to enlarge  3. Fries, Orbis Typus Universalis.... Strasbourg, 1522 (1525 edition). 12 x 18. BW. VG. Close copy of Waldseemuller's 1513 map, with distortions in land masses as well as the ocean. An early map to use the name America. The decorative rope border incorporates names of winds while rhumb lines and a sea-creature add visual interest. Shirley 48. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  4. Munster, Typus Universalis. Basle, circa 1550. 10 x 14. BW. VG. Engraved by David Kandel whose monogram appears lower left. Wind gods surround the map, and the oceans are filled with sea monsters but almost no interior detail is shown. However the Mountains of the Moon are described as the source of the Nile. Shirley 77. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  5.Mercator, Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio... Duisburg, 1595. 11 x 20. Color. VG. An early edition with four columns of Latin text below the map. Karrow, Mapmakers of the 16th Century 56/17.10; Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici Me 12; Moreland & Bannister, p. 243; Shirley 157. $9,500.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  6. Blaeu, Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica. Amsterdam, 1630 (1635 edition) 16 x 21. Old hand color. The quintessential decorative map. On Mercator's Projection with allegorical figures representing the Planets, the Seasons, and the Elements. The lower panel illustrates the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Shirley 225, State 4; van der Krogt, New Koeman 2:121. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  7. De L'Isle, Mappe-Monde... Paris, 1700 (circa 1707). 16 x 25. Full later color. Professionally backed with internal tears repaired, else VG. State 3 with an improved depiction of South America. The first printed map to show the corrected course of the Chicago and Illinois Rivers to the Mississippi, the result of years of compilation and study by De L'Isle. Also shows tracks of explorers such as Magellan, Dampier, Mendana, Tasman, van Noort and others, and depicts the Sargasso sea in the Atlantic. California is correctly shown as a peninsula. Shirley 603; Wagner 461. Sold [details]

AMERICA

Click to enlarge  8. [Western hemisphere] Fries, untitled map of the "Western Ocean" (Oceanus Occidentalis). Vienne (France), 1541. 11 x 14. BW. Faint show-through from text verso, else VG. Based on Waldseemuller's 1513 map and often called the Admiral's Map because of its reference to Columbus. An early owner added a manuscript note in Italian observing the discovery took place in 1492. Burden 4. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  9. [Western Hemisphere] Ortelius, America Seu Novi Orbis. Antwerp, 1587 (1612). 14 x 19. Old hand color. Slight rubbing at cf else VG. With the South American coast corrected from Sir Francis Drake's observations. Burden 64; Van den Broecke 11. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  10. [Western Hemisphere] Robert de Vaugondy, L'Amerique... Paris, circa 1750. 9 x 8. Color. Mat burn in margins, else VG. Captions reference the supposed discoveries of Admiral de Fonte. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  11. [Western Hemisphere] Desnos / Brion de la Tour, Hemisphere Occidentale, Paris, circa 1770. 10 x 12. Old color. VG save a few scattered stains in the Pacific. The Western Hemisphere is 9" in diameter within a separately printed "picture frame" border. With tracks of voyagers including Halley and Anson. $200.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  12. [North America] Sanson, Amerique Septentrionale... Paris, 1650 (1651 ed.) 15 x 21. Original outline color. VG. The first printed map to name Lakes Ontario and Superior, and the first depicting the Great Lakes in recognizable form. With California as an Island. Locates many Indian tribes in the northeast and southwest. State 2 of Sanson's influential map. (State 1 is known in only two surviving copies.) Burden 294. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  13. [North America.] Jaillot / Mortier, Amerique Septentrionale..., Amsterdam, circa 1690. 21 x 34. Full old color with highlights in gold leaf. Ink ms. numerals upper right margin, else VG. Burden 438. Sold [details]

Scarce (And Distorted) Map

Click to enlarge  14. [Canada; North American Interior] Wytfliet, Conibas Regio Cum Vincinis Gentibus. Louvain, 1597. 8 x 10. BW. VG. From the first atlas devoted entirely to the New World. Much speculative geography with mention of the Seven Cities [of Gold] in the southwest, while Hochelaga (now Montreal) is seen in the east. Burden 100, State 3. $1,450.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  15. [Canada; Great Lakes] Jaillot, Partie De La Nouvelle France... Paris, 1685. 17 x 25. BW. Minor creasing at cf else VG. First edition. State 1 of this important map derived from missionary sources. Burden 606. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  16. [Canada; Great Lakes] De L'Isle, Carte Due Canada...Etats-Unis...1783. Paris, 1783. 19 x 25. Original outline color. VG save a few scattered rust spots. Tooley, MCCS 33; French Mapping of the Americas #42; Gardens of Delight, exhibition catalog (1984) #6, #7. $1,250.00 New Price $1,000.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  17. [New England] Homann, Nova Anglia.... Nuremberg, circa 1730. 19 x 22. Original body color. Top and left margins close trimmed; fold cf repair but overall Good+. From the St. Lawrence to Delaware Bay with oversized Long Island and Lake Champlain. Soundings are found along the coast, and fishing banks are depicted. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  18. [Boston area] Lattre, Carte de Environs de Boston... Paris, circa 1770. 12 x 9. BW. Old repair to left margin, else VG. From Hampton to Plymouth and west to Litchfield, with scale bars in French leagues and English miles. Boston is described as the "Capitol of New England in America." Sold [details]

The State of Franklinia

Click to enlarge  19. Wilkinson, The United States of America Confirmed by Treaty 1783. London, 1806. 9 x 11. Original color. Fine. Names Franklinia in what is now eastern Tennessee, an area where the inhabitants unsuccessfully attempted to form a state named for Benjamin Franklin. An area captioned "Indiana" is in western Virginia and not the state formed from the Northwest Territory. Dotson 23. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  20. Wilkinson, The United States of America Confirmed by Treaty 1783. London, 1812. 9 x 11. Original color. Fine. Another copy of Wilkinson's map, but dated 1812. Dotson 23. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  21. [Great Lakes] Lahonton, Carte General De Canada. Paris, circa 1703. 8 x 11. BW. Close trimmed; lightly age-toned, else VG. Distorted rendition of the Great Lakes region, but Native American and European settlements are located, hunting grounds for beaver, and falls and rapids on rivers noted. Heidenriech & Dahl, French Mapping of North America, 1600-1760, p 14; Karpinski XLII. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  22. [Great Lakes] Bellin, Carte Des Lacs Du Canada... Paris, 1757. 7 x 11. BW. VG save faint brown stain in Lake Michigan. A reduction of Bellin's 1744 map with the same mistakes of the Michigan mountain range and extra islands in Lake Superior. Heidenreich & Dahl, The French Mapping of North America, pp. 16, 20 (The Map Collector offprint); Johnson, America Explored, page 195 (1745 edition); Tooley, Map Collectors' Circle Series No. 96 Printed Maps of America, Part IV, #871. Sold [details]

Rare First State

Click to enlarge  23. [Mississippi Valley] De Fer, La Riviere de Missisipi [sic]. Paris, 1715. 17 x 25. BW. Professionally conserved with tears repaired; strengthening of weak areas, and facsimile replacement of a small part of the neatline. $45,000.00

Very rare. Only one example appears in the Antique Map Price Record (1983-present), and just a handful of institutions hold a copy. This is De Fer's printed version of an unpublished 1701 manuscript by De L'Isle, which was an early map to show the Mississippi delta. It also indicates some of the extent of the Missouri River. De Fer has marked several trails including that of the Spanish from Mexico to Matagordo Bay, La Salle's route from the Bay toward the junction of the Arkansas and Mississippi Rivers, and a trail from there east to the Carolina Coast.

In 1718 De Fer's second state of this map was issued with additions including a large inset of the Gulf Coast from Soupart's 1716 manuscript map. That same year De L'Isle's Carte de la Louisiane was published with information from new sources including Soupart and Father Francois le Maire. This important De L'Isle map has overshadowed De Fer.

Due to its extreme rarity the 1715 first state of De Fer's map is known only to a small number of students of cartography. However, as it precedes De L'Isle's Louisiane, it is an important link in the evolution of geographical knowledge of the Mississippi River Valley and of the southern United States. Cumming, Southeast #169. (1718 second state); Holland, Mississippi River, pp. 96-100; Akerman, "Nicholas de Fer, Le cours du Missisipi..." in Mapline 119-120, Fall 2012, pp. 2-3. [details]

Click to enlarge  24. [Mississippi Valley] Poirson, Course du Mississippi. Paris, Nivose An XI (French Revolutionary Calendar = January, 1803). 21 x 16. Original outline color. Light scattered foxing else VG. Sold

English sources are betrayed by "Franglaise" descriptions such as "Terre marshy" and "Terre Swampy." Many Indian tribes are named and Chippewa hunting grounds identified but much of the land west of the Mississippi is described as either unknown or little known. Wheat, Transmississippi West #257. [details]

Click to enlarge  25. [Pictorial Map] Rentschler, The Old Northwest Territory. Ohio, circa 1936. 22 x 16, folding to pamphlet size, 8 x 4. Color litho. $375.00

Decorative map of the Northwest Territory published by the Ohio WPA and the Sesquicentennial Commission. Ten inset maps, a large compass rose and numerous vignettes illustrating historical incidents. The complete text of the Ordinance is printed verso with an extensive schedule of re-enactments, contests and other events. Thumbnail sketch of the American frontier as it moved west from Pennsylvania to modern Minnesota, and the Act that prohibited slavery in these new territories. [details]

Click to enlarge 
26. [Great Lakes Forts] Belton, Major Francis Smith, Suite of Five Unrecorded Views of Great Lakes Forts, 1817. Five views in pencil and water color wash of American Forts in the Great Lakes region. All five views are done in a workmanlike manner typical of sketches of the period by Army officers. At this time a large part of the Army's work was engineering, and officers were trained to sketch sites. All the views are in VG condition except as noted. Sold

The views are:

a) Michillimackena. Signed "Belton 1817." 4 x 6. A view of the town and fort as seen from the water. A number of sailing ships are in the foreground. The fort, on the bluff, overlooks the town
b) Arch Rock Mackena. Signed "B-n 1817." 4 x 7. The view shows the arch as elongated horizontally compared to modern photographs, but does suggest it's height as the arch is more than 100 feet above the water. A two-masted vessel is seen in the distance at the left
c) Untitled scene of two Indians in a canoe. 5 x 7. Unsigned and undated. Uncolored pencil sketch. Apparently an unfinished piece. Small loss at lower right corner filled in with matching paper
d) Chicago 1817. Signed "B-n." 4 x 7. View of the second Fort Dearborn from the water. Fort Dearborn is in the center with Kinzie's trading post at the right. To the left of the Fort are several smaller buildings. A two-masted vessel is again seen in the foreground
e) Fort Wayne 1816. Unsigned. 4 x 7. View of the fort and some outbuildings with two native Americans in the foreground

Francis Smith Belton (1791 - 1861) was a U.S. Army officer who served in many campaigns starting with the War of 1812. He had a fiery temper and was twice court-martialed, but reinstated each time.. During the Mexican War he was for a time Lt. Governor of Mexico. He retired in August, 1861, dying the following month.

In December, 1816 Belton was assigned to Detroit as assistant inspector general. In August 1817 he started a tour of the upper lake posts, first to Fort Gratiot by row boat. From there by schooner to "Mackina." He continued in a bark canoe from Mackinaw to Green Bay and then to Chicago via "Milwaukie." From Chicago he went overland to Fort Wayne and then to Fort Meigs, returning to Detroit November 2, 1817.

This group of images is significant as it depicts parts of the upper Midwest at time when the region was still wilderness. The Chicago view is of the greatest interest as it is the earliest surviving perspective view of Chicago. The only earlier depiction we can locate is Captain John Whistler's plan of the first Fort Dearborn (1808), now in the National Archives. Whistler's plan is unusual as it combines a map of the locality, a plan of Fort Dearborn and views of buildings.

Provenance: In a private collection since the 1930s.

References: Danckers & Meredith, A Compendium of the Early History of Chicago to the Year 1835..., p 359 (Whistler); Danzer, "Chicago's First Maps" in Conzen (ed), Chicago Mapmakers: Essays on the Rise of the City's Map Trade, pp. 12-14; Holland, Chicago in Maps, 42-3 (Whistler Plan of Fort Dearborn); New York Public Library, Belton-Kirby-Dawson-Todd Family Papers, ca. 1763-1861. Call number MssCol258. Within this archive the papers of Francis Smith Belton, 1818-1853, include correspondence with his wife, military papers (some are copies) and an autobiography. The autobiography is handwritten but has been transcribed and typed. [details]

Click to enlarge 
The Second Printed Map of Chicago

John S. Wright's Copy With His Manuscript Notes


27. Wright, John Stephen , Chicago Drawn by J.S. Wright, According to Survey. 1834. Lithograph printed by Peter A. Mesier, 28 Wall Street, New York. Uncolored as issued. 18 x 14. Very good condition save one loss at a fold intersection and a few minor stains. Rare. Sold

The second printed map of Chicago, preceded only by Joshua Hathaway's map of the same year. The map was designed to show subdivisions by color, but this example is like all those in Chicago institutions uncolored. Presumably coloring was to be by hand after printing.

This copy includes manuscript notes in an old hand signed "JSW" which describe the author's real estate activities and notes some of his holdings. Properties belonging to him are marked in ink. Several of the marked properties agree with those listed in the Chicago Public Library's John S. Wright Papers as being purchased by him in 1848, suggesting a date for the manuscript notes of circa 1848 or later. The Newberry Library's copy of Wright's map also has ms. notes in what appear to be the same hand.

John S. Wright (1815 - 1874) was an energetic entrepreneur and Chicago booster who made and lost several fortunes. He arrived in Chicago in 1832 at age 17 and, though still a minor, invested in real estate with family members. By age 21 he owned property worth $200,000 -- a huge fortune at the time -- but lost it all when the market crashed in the Panic of 1837. He went into other businesses and returned to real estate in 1846 where he made another fortune which was later lost with a failed investment in a reaper company. Wright was an active promoter of Chicago and of the West. His vision of its future was often correct, but others made more than he did from his ideas.

Provenance: In the possession of a Chicago family for approximately a century.

Rarity: Recorded copies are in the University of Illinois Chicago, The Chicago History Museum, and the Newberry Library. An exhibition catalog reports an incomplete copy at the Library of Congress, but it is not listed by WorldCat.org.

References: Chicago Public Library, John S. Wright Papers, 1848-1866; Danckers & Meredith, ...the Early History of Chicago..., pp. 374-5; Danzer, "Chicago's First Maps" in Conzen (ed), Chicago Mapmakers, pp. 18-20; The Encyclopedia of Chicago, p. 508; Holland, Chicago in Maps, pp. 63-64; Karrow (ed..) Checklist of Printed Maps of the Middle West to 1900 #4-0304; Knox College, Seymour Library, Between the Waters and the Wind An Exhibit relating to the city of Chicago...1979 #2; Graff 4755. [details]

Click to enlarge  28. [Pictorial Map] Nelson, Old Chicago By Jean Sterling Nelson Drawing By John Winters. Chicago, 1940. 29 x 35. Color litho. A few small separations at folds else VG. With 5-page pamphlet, "Key to Map." Sold

Conceived by interior designer Nelson and executed by commercial artist Winters. The historical notes and choices of images are somewhat idiosyncratic, but for interested parties Nelson recommends visits to the Chicago Historical Society (now the Chicago History Museum). Vignettes include the familiar Mrs. O'Leary's cow, Fort Dearborn but lesser known sites are also located such as Chicago's first synagogue (1849) and Mary Lincoln's 1866 home. [details]

Click to enlarge  29. [Southwest; Southeast] Homann, Regni Mexicanae... Nuremberg, circa 1730. 18 x 22. Original body color. Faint brown stain lower left, else VG. From New England and the Great Lakes to Mexico and Central America. The geography is after De L'Isle. The cartouches and vignettes are uncolored as issued and depict Europeans trading with Indians, mining operations, and a pitched sea battle off the west coast of Mexico. While nationalities of the ships pictured is undeterminable, attacks on Spain's treasure fleets, especially from Manila to Acapulco and from Havana to Spain, were legendary. The routes of Spanish galleons are clearly marked. Cumming, Southeast #137; Sellers & Van Ee 82 (later editions). Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  30. [South America] Anson, A Chart of the Southern Part of South America... London, 1748. 19 x 19. BW. VG. Sold

Captain (later Admiral) George Anson was sent to attack Spanish possessions in the New World during one of many 18th century dynastic wars. From 1740-44 Anson and his crew suffered hardships but also carried out successful raids, captured a Spanish treasure ship in the Pacific, and circumnavigated the globe.

Anson's prize money from capturing the Manila galleon (it carried more than one million pieces of eight plus valuable cargo) made him wealthy and gave him political influence. This map shows the early part of his voyage, south from Brazil round Tierra del Fuego and up the west coast of South America to Juan Fernandez Island (where the 1709 rescue of marooned sailor Alexander Selkirk became the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe). Shirley, British Library G.ANS.1a, #2. [details]

Click to enlarge  31. [Paraguay] Ogilby, Paraquaria Vulgo Paraguay... London, 1671. 11 x 14. Color. VG. Armed warriors support the title cartouche which also features fauna of the region. The key in the secondary cartouche identifies Spanish settlements, ruins, and villages sponsored either by the Jesuits or Franciscans. Also notes most of the inhabitants are "infidels." Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  32. [Guiana] Ogilby, Guiana Sive Amazonum Regio, London, 1671. 11 x 14. Color. VG. Mercury, god of commerce as well as personifications of the Amazon River are featured in the cartouche. The scale bar is supported by armed warriors. With a compass rose. $350.00 [details]

EUROPE

Click to enlarge  33. [Two road maps] Ogilby, The Road from London to Bristol... [with] The Continuation of the Road from London to Bristol... London, 1676. 13 x 18, each. Colored. VG. From the first national road atlas; the first sheet extends from London to Marlborough (75 miles), and the cartouche features cattle and a milkmaid; in the background a cavalier offers his sweetheart a mug of fresh milk. The second sheet with several windmills, completes the itinerary. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  34. [Middlesex] C. Greenwood & Co., Map of the County of Middlesex, from an Actual Survey in the Years 1819 & 1820... London, 1829. 21 x 25. Original hand color. VG. A large-scale map with 18 symbols identifying such places as toll roads, castles, wind and water mills, parks and canals. Large vignettes of Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral; compass rose. $250.00 [details]

County Maps by Morden, all from the 1695 edition of Camden. All with scale bars showing Great, Middle and Small Miles.

Click to enlarge  35. Morden, Kent. London, 1695. 13 x 24. Older, but not original color. Age-toned at edges of margins else VG. City plan of London upper left; the Colledg [sic] located at Dulwich was founded 1619. $300.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  36. [Bosworth Field] Morden, Leicestershire. London, 1695, 14 x 16. Black and white. Light centerfold creasing, else VG. Belvoir Castle located. A sword and caption identify "K. Ric: field" [Bosworth] where Richard III lost both his horse and his life. $175.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  37. Morden, Norfolk. London,1695. 14 x 22. Older but not contemporary color. Age-toned at margin edges, small worm hole repaired, else VG. A few lighthouses are located; a solitary tree in Clackclose Hundred is captioned "Kets Oak." $150.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  38. [Lake District] Morden, Westmoreland. London, 1695. 14 x 16. Black and white. VG. Roads include the "military way from Carlile" [sic]. There are imperfect erasures in the plate with several place names corrected. $150.00 [details]

Find your way to Stonehenge

Click to enlarge  39. [Wiltshire] Rowe, A New Map of the County of Wilts Divided into Hundreds... London, 1815. 16 x 13. Dissected and mounted on linen. Lacks covers. Shows a little wear, else VG. Roads, turnpikes, homes of nobility and gentry are shown. Stonehenge is identified just west of Amesbury. With a compass rose, a key, and a numerical list of Hundreds (administrative districts). Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  40. [Yorkshire] Bowen, An Accurate Map of the County of York Divided into its Ridings and Subdivided into Wapentakes... London, 1750. 21 x 27. Old outline color. VG. $450.00

Fascinating and detailed map depicts roads (including Roman Ways to York and Scotland), castles, parks, the light house at Flambrough Head, and the "Devil's Causeway" between Kirkby Londale and Middleham. Tables list the seats of Nobility and "some other Gentlemen," and a list of all the Dukes and Earls of York and Richmond. Topographical features include heads of rivers, sulphur wells and a 60-foot waterfall. An interesting feature is concentric circles extending in one mile intervals from York to the county's borders, allowing the user to calculate distances. [details]

Click to enlarge  41. [Portugal] Faden, Mappa Corografica Do Reino De Portugal / Choreographical Map of the Kingdom of Portugal Divided Into Its Grand Provinces. London, 1797. 28 x 20. Original outline color. Light transference mainly in the ocean, else VG. With three scale bars, one of which is the "Common League of Portugal according to Manoel Pimentel." $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  42. [Italy, Adriatic] Gastaldi, Tabula Europea V. Venice, 1548. 5 x 7. BW. Centerfold discoloration, else VG. Little detail is shown on the Italian peninsula but many place names and topographic features are seen to the east. On a Ptolemaic projection with whimsical creatures filling the borders. $350.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  43. [Gulf of Finland] Borghi, L'Ingria E La Carelia Russa... Siena, 1790. 12 x 9. Color. VG. Finland was subject to rule by either Sweden or Russia for much of its history. $300.00 [details]

AFRICA

The Legend of Prester John

For centuries European monarchs dreamed of joining forces with a fabled Christian king called Prester John who supposedly dwelt in Asia. Ideally their combined efforts would defeat Islam and regain the Holy Land. When no such support was found in Asia, Europeans hoped to find their ally in a Christian kingdom in Africa. Prince Henry the Navigator proposed expeditions to the "Western Nile" (the Senegal) which was presumed to connect with the old Nile, thus reaching Prester John. The Portuguese eventually made it to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), albeit taking the long way round Africa. Maps #44 and #47 relate to the mythic Prester John.

Click to enlarge  44. Mercator, Africa Ex magna terre... Duisburg, 1595 (1613). 14 x 18. Original color. Marginal tears reimforced, else VG+. The geography is from Mercator's great world map of 1569. "The shape of Africa ...is based on...Portuguese discoveries and its high degree of accuracy was unsurpassed...in the 16th century." [Klemp] However, the interior relies on older sources. Prester John "the Great Emperor of Abyssinia" is seen enthroned and holding a cross. The Nile rises from two unnamed lakes north of the Mountains of the Moon. Karrow, Mapmakers of the 16th Century 56/17.11; Klemp, Africa on Maps #16, Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici Me 22; Norwich #21, Tooley, African Continent, p. 75; pl. 55; van der Krogt, New Koeman 8600:1A. Sold [details]

Click to enlarge  45. Desnos, L'Afrique... Paris, 1766. 11 x 12. Original color. VG. "All of the interior is absolutely unknown" reads the refreshingly honest caption at the equator. With separately printed "picture-frame" border; a few embellishments in the ocean including (faintly) a sea monster. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  46. Lavoisne, Africa, Drawn From the Best Authorities... London, circa 1814. 11 x 12. Full original color. VG. Text panels with the translation and revisions by historian Jehosophat Aspin for the English edition. Though condescending in some remarks, Aspin condemns slavery as "abominable" and praises efforts to settle freed slaves in Sierra Leone. $250.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  47. Ortelius, Iohannis sive Abissinorum Imperii Descriptio. Antwerp, 1573 (1581). 14 x 17. Color. A few creases near cf, one edge tear repaired, else VG. A lengthy description of Prester John's heritage (descended from King Solomon) and his territories appears in the upper cartouche which is topped with his coat-of-arms. A caption at Amara notes the presence of Prester John and his sons. Lake Zaire is the source of the Nile. Klemp, Africa on Maps #48; Tooley, African Continent, p. 89; van den Broecke 175. Sold [details]

HOLY LAND

Click to enlarge  48. Ruscelli, Soria et Terra Santa Nuova Tabola. Venice, 1561. 7 x 9. BW. VG. Based on Gastaldi's rare 1548 map, this map extends from Cyprus to the Sea of Galilee. Laor 621; Nebenzahl, Plate 27. Sold [details]

ASIA

Click to enlarge  49. [China] Lotter, ...Opulentissium Sinarum Imperium... Augsburg, circa 1760. 19 x 22. Original body color. VG. The title means "The Rich Empire of China," which is underlined by displays of merchants shipping valuable commodities, and allegorical figures such as Mercury. The key identifies cities and towns of various sizes and has symbols for mineral deposits such as gold, silver, and iron. $1,000.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  50. [Macau] Anson, Sketch of The Typa And Macao. London, 1767. 10 x 8. Engraved by John Duff. Color. Old marginal repair, else VG. Sketch map "drawn by Eye" with many soundings given. The "Harbor of the Goddess A-Ma" was a Portuguese trading center from 1557 and reverted to China in 1999. Sold [details]

"He who has seen Goa need not see Lisbon."
-- Old Portuguese Proverb --

Click to enlarge  51. [India, Goa] Van der Aa, Goa Indiae, Orientalis Metropolis. Leiden, 1719. 12 x 17. BW. VG. Bird's-eye view of Goa and its approaches, so detailed that several shipyards may be seen on the shore, along with elephants pulling logs. With a key (in Portuguese), a laudatory quote (in Latin), and coats-of-arms. Portugal's first Asian possession, taken in 1511, Goa was a major commercial center. $450.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  52. [India, Goa] Mallet, Goa. Paris, 1683. 5 x 4. Color. VG. Bird's-eye view from the five-volume Description de l'Univers. Similar to, but less detailed than Van der Aa's 1719 depiction. $150.00 [details]

Click to enlarge  53. [Pacific Ocean] De Wit, Magnum Mare del Zur cum Insula California. Amsterdam, ca. 1680. 19 x 22. Original color. Archival tissue reinforces areas weakened by acidic green color, else VG.

First state. Handsome sea chart with rhumb lines filling the Great South Sea and little-known lands on the edges such as Japan, part of the New Zealand and Australian coasts, and of course, the Island of California. The Baroque cartouche features Neptune and attendants beneath the portrait of Magellan. Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici IV, M.Wit 1, #21; MCCS 8, #40; McLaughlin 59-1; Wagner, NW Coast #411. Sold [details]

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