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[Wall map] Ensign & Thayer, Map of the United States From The Latest Authorities... NY, 1851. 34" x 41" (overall 36" x 44"). A lithograph-printed map mounted on linen with original varnish, now yellowed. Hand color. Some cracking and chipping with minor losses at the lower border and on the New York Connecticut state line. Overall VG condition. SOLD

The map extends from the Atlantic to west of the Mississippi and has three insets: 1) Oregon including Vancouver Island; 2) the southern part of Florida; and 3) the "Western Portion of the United States" encompassing California, Oregon, Utah, New Mexico, Texas, the "Western Or Indian Territory," Nebraska and Minnesota.

Some topographical features are noted such as the Everglades, mountain peaks, the natural bridge in Columbia County, Florida, a salt works in the Indian Territory and a gold mine in South Carolina. Many Indian tribes and lands are located, particularly in the west and even in Iowa, which is further partitioned with the "Neutral Ground" from lands ceded by the Sioux and by the Sacs and "Foxes" in 1830.

Though not one of Ensign & Thayer's "Ornamental" maps, embellishments are plentiful. Under the title a vignette is shown of an American eagle perched on a globe against background scenes of prosperity such as trains, sailing ships and the obligatory smoke pouring from factory chimneys. The two inch deep border of acanthus leaves is topped by flags and the United States shield, and each corner is decorated with a cornucopia. Within the border design, states and territories are listed with current population and other statistics.

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